Is there one? Neither a search through the Philosopher’s Index nor Google Scholar found much within the past century. I am crowdsourcing the question. This looks like an interesting, and not badly needed, gap in the philosophy of science. There’s plenty of history of geology, and a few essays by Gould and a fellow named Rob Inkpen. But that’s about it. Ideas?
Resources so far
This from 1846:
Jobert, Antoine Claude Gabriel. 1846. The philosophy of geology. London; Paris: Simpkin, Marshall; A & W Galignani.
Kitts, David B. 1977. The structure of geology. Dallas: SMU Press.
Kitts, David B. 1976. Certainty and uncertainty in geology. Am J Sci 276 (1):29-46.
This appears to be the best general discussion, if only up until the period in question.
Laudan, Rachel. 1987. From mineralogy to geology : the foundations of a science, 1650-1830. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Bowler, Peter J. 1988. The whig interpretation of geology. Biology and Philosophy 3 (1):99-103.
Raab, Thomas, and Robert Frodeman. 2002. What is it like to be a geologist? A phenomenology of geology and its epistemological implications. Philosophy & Geography 5 (1):69 – 81.
Apart from that, there’s this:
Inkpen, Robert John. 2009. The Philosophy of Geology. In A companion to the philosophy of history and historiography, edited by A. Tucker. Chichester; Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell:318-329.
There are many papers that mention geology as a historical science, a special science, or as an instance of method or theory, but few that actually attend to modern practices… This is very interesting to me.
Keep ’em coming folks.