They’re both here

So go buy them now (see links at right).Both species books

This new book on the left is both a collection of source materials for the historical study of the species concept, but also a commentary of each piece and its context. More technical in some respects than the history, it is I think a bit more accessible in that it allows the reader to decide for herself if I have read the material correctly. It also has a listing of all the 26 species conceptions I am aware of, at the end of the book.

It is designed for teaching.

Here’s the table of contents, below the fold

Introduction 1

Terms and Concepts 4

A Note on the Choice of Selections 5

Typographical Note 6

Section 1. The Pre-Modern Definitions. 7

Plato (c.428/427BCE–c.348/347BCE) 8

Aristotle of Stagira (384BCE–322BCE) 9

Epicurus of Samos (341–270BCE), and Titus Lucretius Carus (c.94BCE–

c.50BCE) 18

Pliny the Elder (Gaius Plinius Secundus, 23–79) 18

Porphyry the Phoenician (c.232–c.305) 19

Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius (480–524 or 525) 20

Aurelius Augustinus, Augustine of Hippo (354–430) 20

Peter Abelard (1079–1142) 21

Peter of Lombard (c.1100–1160) 21

Frederick II of Hohenstaufen (1194–1250) 21

Albertus Magnus (Albert of Lauingen, 1193–1280) 22

Thomas Aquinas (c.1225–1274) 23

William of Ockham or Occam, (c1300–1349) 24

Nicholas of Cusa (1401–1464) 25

Marsilio Ficino (1433–1499) 26

Section 2. The Early Modern Period . 27

Peter Ramus (1515–1572) 28

Francis Bacon (1561–1626) . 28

John Locke (1632–1704) 31

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (also Leibnitz or von Leibniz, 1646–1716) 33

Andreas Cesalpino (1519–1603) 34

Robert Hooke (1635–1703) . 34

John Wilkins (1614–1672) 35

John Ray (1627–1705) 37

Nehemiah Grew (1641–1712) 38

Thomas Burnet (1635–1715) 39

Joseph Pitton, de Tournefort (1628–1708) 40

Carl Linnaeus (1707–1770, from 1761 Carl von LinneÅL, or Carolus Linnaeus). 40

Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis (1698–1759) 42

Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon (1707–1788) 43

John Hunter (1728–1793) 44

Immanuel Kant (1724 –1804) 45

Michel Adanson (1727–1806) 48

Antoine-Laurent de Jussieu (1748–1836) 50

Charles Bonnet (1720–1793) 51

Jean Baptiste de Lamarck (1744 –1829) 51

Christian Leopold Freiherr von Buch (1774–1853) 52

Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire (1805–1861) 53

Georges Leopold ChreÅLtien FreÅLdeÅLric Dagobert, Baron Cuvier (1769–1832) 53

James Cowles Prichard (1786–1848) 54

William Whewell (1794–1866) 54

Johann Wolfgang Goethe (1749–1832) 55

Archbishop Richard Whately (1787–1863) 56

George Bentham (1800–1884) 57

John Stuart Mill (1806–1873) 59

Jean Louis Rodolphe Agassiz (1807–1873) 61

James Dana (1813–1895) 62

Richard Owen (1804–1892) . 63

Philip Henry Gosse (1810–1888) 63

Charles Lyell (1797–1875) 64

Augustin-Pyramus de Candolle (1778–1841) 66

John Lindley (1799–1865) 68

Robert Chambers (1802–1871) 70

Prince Charles Lucien Bonaparte (1803–1857) 71

Hermann Schaffenhausen (1816–1893) 71

Joseph Dalton Hooker (1817–1911) 71

Isidore Geoffroy Saint Hilaire (1805–1861) 72

George Henry Lewes (1817–1878) 73

Section 3. Modern Conceptions. 77

Charles Robert Darwin (1809–1882) 77

Alfred Russel Wallace (1823–1913) 97

John Stevens Henslow (1796–1861) 98

Asa Gray (1810–1888) 98

Pierre Trémaux (1818–1895) 99

Gregor Mendel o. s. a. (1822–1884) 103

John Campbell, the Duke of Argyll (1845–1914) 103

August Weismann (1834–1914) 103

George John Romanes (1848–1894) 105

Edwin Ray Lankester (1847–1929) 110

Ernst Heinrich Philipp August Haeckel (1834–1919) 110

Thomas Henry Huxley (1825 –1895) 111

Richard F. Clarke, S. J. (1839–1900) 112

Edward Bagnell Poulton (1856–1943) 112

Erich Wasmann S.J. (1859–1931) 115

Karl Jordan (1861–1959) 116

William Bateson (1861–1926) 117

Hugo de Vries (1848–1935) 118

Charles B. Bessey (1845–1915) 119

Horace William Brindley Joseph (1867–1943) 120

Johannes Paulus Lotsy (1867–1931) 121

Göte Wilhelm Turesson (1892–1970) 122

Charles Tate Regan (1878–1943) 122

Thomas Hunt Morgan (1866–1945) 123

Arthur Paul Jacot (1890–1939?) 123

Ronald Aylmer Fisher (1890–1962) 125

John Arthur Thompson (1861–1933) 127

Theodosius Hryhorovych Dobzhansky (1900–1975) 127

Hermann Joseph Muller (1890–1967) 129

Cyril Dean Darlington (1903–1981) 129

John Burdon Sanderson Haldane (1892–1964) 130

Julian Sorell Huxley (1887–1975) 130

John Scott Lennox Gilmour (1906–1986) 131

Section 4. Reproductive Isolation Conceptions. 135

Ernst Walter Mayr (1904–2005) 137

Robert Sidney Bigelow (1918–2000) 140

Hugh E. H. Paterson (1926–) 140

Alan R. Templeton (1946–) 141

James Mallet (1955–) 142

Section 5. Evolutionary Conceptions. 145

Tracy Morton Sonneborn (1905–1981) 145

George Gaylord Simpson (1902–1984) 146

Edward Orlando Wiley (1944–) 146

Kevin de Queiroz (1956–) . 147

Section 6. Phylogenetic Conceptions. 149

Emil Hans Willi Hennig (1913–1976) 153

Rudolph Meier (1918–), and Rainer Willman (1950–) 154

Joel Cracraft (1943–), and Niles Eldredge (1943–) 155

Brent Drennen Mishler (1953–), Robert N. Brandon (1952–), Michael J.

Donoghue, and Edward Claiborne Theriot (1953–) 155

Arthur John Cronquist (1919–1992) 157

Donn Eric Rosen (1929–1986) 157

Gareth J. Nelson (1937–), Norman I. Platnick (1951–), and Ward Christopher

Wheeler (1963–) 158

Phylocode 159

Section 7. Ecological Conceptions. 161

Leigh Maiorana Van Valen (1935–) 161

Michael Tenant Ghiselin (1939–) 161

Section 8. Asexual Conceptions. 163

Arthur James Cain (1921–1999) 163

Manfred Eigen (1927–) 163

Verne Edwin Grant (1917–2007) 164

Section 9. Other Conceptions. 165

Peter Henry Andrews Sneath (1923–), and Robert Reuven Sokal (1926–) 165

Frederick Pleijel, and Greg W. Rouse 165

Paul B. Vrana, and Ward Christopher Wheeler (1963–) 166

Section 10. Commentary and Philosophy. 169

William Stanley Jevons (1835–1882) 170

John Dewey (1859–1952) 179

John Henry Woodger (1894–1981) 183

Ernst Walter Mayr (1904–2005) 183

Morton O. Beckner (1928–2001) 183

George Gaylord Simpson (1902–1984) 184

Michael Tenant Ghiselin (1939–) 184

Paul Lawrence Farber (1944–) 185

David Lee Hull (1935–) 187

Douglas Futuyma (1942–) . 188

Michael Ruse (1940–) 188

Jody Hey (1958–) 188

John Simpson Wilkins (1955–) 188

Jerry A. Coyne (1949–), H. Allen Orr (1960–) 189

Scott Atran (1952–) 190

Peter Francis Stevens (1944–) 190

Joel Cracraft (1943–) 191

Section 11. A List of 26 Species Definitions in the Modern Literature. 193

Phylospecies 193

1. Agamospecies* 194

2. Autapomorphic species . 194

3. Biospecies* 194

4. Cladospecies 194

5. Cohesion species 195

6. Compilospecies 195

7. Composite Species 195

8. Ecospecies* 195

9. Evolutionary species* 195

10. Evolutionary significant unit 195

11. Genealogical concordance species 196

12. Genic species 196

13. Genetic species* 196

14. Genotypic cluster 196

15. Hennigian species 196

16. Internodal species 196

17. Least Inclusive Taxonomic Unit (LITUs) 197

18. Morphospecies* 197

19. Non-dimensional species 197

20. Nothospecies 197

21. Phylogenetic Taxon species 197

22. Phenospecies 198

23. Recognition species 198

24. Reproductive competition species 198

25. Successional species 198

26. Taxonomic species* 198

Bibliography. 199

Index. 215

4 thoughts on “They’re both here

  1. Well they’re sitting at home (or should be unless the postal strikes have delayed them), sad to say visa problems have me stuck a few thousand miles from home.

    No idea when I’ll be able to get home, shame as I’m sure they’re wonderful.

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  2. Well, I’m going to be behind my expected reading schedule. The first was shipped August 12th, and never made it here. The UC Press is shipping another, and we’ll see when it arrives. One of these days, it’ll get here.

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